Love and Love in the Revolutionary Era

Love and Love in the Revolutionary Era

Xiao Xiang

Revolution + love is the most common and popular revolutionary model among revolutionaries in the revolutionary era. In this model, revolution is work, love is life, and work and life complement each other. Revolutionaries, young people also, with new and advanced ideas, outstanding concepts, revolutionary, born to death, strong ambitions, upside down the old world; fall in love, not to mention giving up, vigorous, indomitable, building a new paradise. Therefore, the behavior and love life are very different from the images of the revolutionary Puritans seen in the books in the past. Their colorful and complex richness and sadness are very much beyond the impression of ordinary people.

In 1923, Moscow Eastern University welcomed the first batch of Chinese girls, filling the gap that there were no Chinese girls in Eastern University, and finally made the Chinese male compatriots stand up, feel proud and have a face, compared with comrades in other countries, no longer. Humbled. Among these girls, Chen Bilan from Hubei is beautiful, lively and lovely, and the most eye-catching. Soon three people attacked her to express their love, although Chen Bilan is already a famous flower and a husband. As a result, Luo Jue, who is one of the three, Luo Yinong, was the first to win the heart. Luo Yinong, secretary of the branch in Mozambique, holds the highest position, so everyone can’t help but despise Chen Bilan, saying that what she loves is not people, but status. After living together for a period of time, Chen began to show boredom with Luo. After returning to China, Chen Bilan tried every means to avoid Luo Yinong. In desperation, Luo wrote a blood book, Chen couldn’t bear it, and continued to maintain the relationship between the two. In the autumn of 1925, Chen Bilan transferred from Zhengzhou to Shanghai and brought a letter from Luo Yinong to Peng Shuzhi, asking Peng Yuchen to take care of him. Clinker, and soon Peng Shuzhi himself fell into a love dispute and could not extricate himself. This involves a famous love-hate relationship in the history of the party.

Cai Hesen, Xiang Jingyu, Qin Se and Ming were the model couples in the early party. Xiang Jingyu is not tall, dignified and composed, dressed in schoolgirl attire, flashy in the city, untouched by dust; Jingyu is serious and serious, unsmiling, and hates the romantic gays and lesbians in the party most, known as the “revolutionary grandmother”. Qu Qiubai joked that Xiang was a “Marxist Song scholar” in our party. In 1925, Cai Hesen went to Beijing, and Xiang Jingyu stayed in Shanghai to participate in the May 30th Movement, and lived in the same pavilion with Peng Shuzhi and Zheng Chaolin. On the night of the Mid-Autumn Festival, Jing Yutu expresses his love to Shuzhi. Overwhelmed by the description, he resorted to Zheng Chaolin. Zheng Chaolin warned: “It can’t be done, and doing it will affect the work of the group.” Peng Shuzhi said: “Of course, I don’t have any interest myself, and she also understands that this can’t be done. She said, just tell me what’s in your heart. “However, once the floodgate of love is opened, there is no power to stop the tide of love, and Xiang and Peng soon can’t help themselves and get lost in the river of love.

Cai Hesen felt strange when he returned from Beijing. The next day, the Central Presidium (Standing Committee) held a meeting in the living room downstairs. Chen Duxiu, Cai Hesen, Zhang Guotao, Qu Qiubai, and Peng Shuzhi attended the meeting, as well as people from CY and Shanghai District, and Xiang Jingyu also attended the meeting. After the meeting, when Chen Duxiu was about to announce the end of the meeting, Cai Hesen suddenly stood up and said that he had another question for everyone to discuss. He said: “Comrade Jingyu and Comrade Shuzhi have fallen in love…” Everyone was surprised because it was so unexpected. The meeting fell silent. In the end, Chen Duxiu said, “It depends on Comrade Ying Yu’s decision.” Xiang Yingyu cried at the desk, but refused to say a word. Duxiu asked Jingyu, “Are you Aishuzhi or Aihesen?” Jingyu said nothing. Duxiu asked again, “Don’t you love He Sen anymore?” Jing Yu still didn’t say anything. Helpless, the Central Committee had no choice but to take responsibility for the solution, and decided to send Xiang Jingyu to Moscow with Cai Hesen. Cai Hesen went south from Beijing to accept the mission and went to Moscow to serve as the permanent representative of the CCP. (“Memoirs of Zheng Chaolin”)

Peng Shuzhi was sad for the loss of love, and he drank every day to relieve his sorrow. He remembered Luo Yinong’s entrustment to visit Chen Bilan from time to time, fulfilling his obligations and also eliminating loneliness. Chen also often came to the Central Propaganda Department to see Peng. This is not surprising. As far as Peng is concerned, the gap after the police is gone needs to be filled; and Chen Ben is already tired of Luo, Luo has a high status in Moscow, but in China, Peng is a member of the Central Committee, Luo is a local cadre, loves to climb high branches, is any a social phenomenon that exists at all times. The surrounding comrades cheered and asked Peng and Chen to invite guests, which was equivalent to publicizing the relationship, but Luo was kept in the dark and knew nothing.

Later, the central government transferred Luo Yinong to Shanghai to serve as the secretary of the Jiangsu-Zhejiang District Party Committee. Qu Qiubai called the parties to a meeting and persuaded the two good friends Luo and Peng not to hurt their peace. Qu Bing used a French word Ligomisshlennaya (which can be translated as “careless” or “spontaneous”) to talk about Chen Bilan. After that, the relationship between the three was as usual on the surface, and no flaws could be seen. There was even a time when Peng and Chen hadn’t woken up yet, and Luo came to report to work. Peng was lying on the bed, Chen slept aside, and Luo reported work, calm and unconcerned. On the other hand, Zheng Chaolin, who was a bystander, was indignant and couldn’t stand it any longer. (“Memoirs of Zheng Chaolin”)

Luo Yinong gradually raised his head, the secretary of the Hubei Provincial Party Committee and the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the Central Committee. Also found her new love, she is Sichuan girl Zhu Youlun. At a lecture, Luo Yinong noticed that there was a pair of eyes in the audience that were always looking at him, secretly delighted. He told Zheng Chaolin about the matter and the appearance of the woman, and asked Zheng to guess who it was, and Zheng knew it was Zhu Youlun as soon as he heard it. But Chu Youlun was He Chang’s lover, and He Chang was far away in Moscow at this time to attend the meeting. Luo and Zhu love and live together, inviting discussions from comrades within the party, He Chang forbears, and does not speak out. It is Shi Cuntong, who teaches at Shanghai University, and a group of teachers and students who speak out with justice. Shi Cuntong said: “As a result, our love and family are too insecure. .” He proposed that “our lesbians should at least formally separate from their current lover before they can love others.” Peng Shuzhi was at a loss in his own conduct, fearing that he would be angered, and expressed his opposition, believing that it was an intellectual’s view of love, and it was harmful Tendency, suppressed.

Shi So said these words, there is personal pain. In the second half of 1924, Zhang Tailei returned from Moscow and served as the editor-in-chief of the “Republic of China Daily”. His family was not with him, he lived alone on Muerming Road, and Shi Cunyi’s family moved to be a neighbor. Mrs. Shi, Wang Yizhi, is engaged in women’s work, and often publishes articles in newspapers. She chats with Tai Lei very well, and they introduce each other as confidants. Shi Cuntong was in excruciating pain and suffered a hysterical attack (it is said to cause blindness in his eyes), and was admitted to the hospital. Fortunately, a female student Zhong Fuguang sent him a letter expressing sympathy and indignation. Shi Cuntong was able to heal and recover, and the two became husband and wife. Shi Cuntong also changed his name to Shi Fuliang, in order to restore the light.

Luo Yinong and Zhu Youlun did not last long, and they eventually broke up because Zhu went to Moscow to study. At that time, many of those who studied in Moscow were looking for a new love, and few were looking for an old relationship. Friends are all sweating for Luo Yinong. After Zhu Youlun arrived in Moscow, a new love story came back. Moscow is not only a paradise for some people, but also a cemetery for others.

In the triangular relationship of Luo, Chu and He, He Chang became the loser. The friend comforted him with “Don’t worry about the road ahead without a confidant, and no one in the world knows you”, which is appropriate for the occasion. He Chang was an outstanding leader of the CCP in the early days. In the tide of the great revolution, He Chang, who stood at the forefront of the tide, soon met with another wave who also stood at the forefront of the tide, and they hugged each other vigorously, adding a new chapter to the revolution + love.

This leads to a more complex, sweet and bitter affair.

Huang Yingchu (the other two are Tan Sitong and Tang Caichang), one of the “Three Heroes of Liuyang” in Hunan in modern Chinese history, and her daughter Huang Mulan, born beautiful and intelligent, was dissatisfied with the family’s arranged marriage and fled to Wuhan to join the revolution. Its beauty and talent are said to have attracted Guo Moruo and Mao Dun’s admiration, inspired him to create, and became the prototype of the protagonist of a certain work. Huang Mulan met and married Wan Xiyan, one of the early leaders of the CCP, in Wuhan. Wan had a family and was an arranged marriage. In May 1928, Wan Xiyan was arrested and sacrificed in Ganzhou, Jiangxi. Huang Mulan and Rao Shushi had a close relationship. At the end of 28, Huang and Rao were sent to Shanghai by boat at the same time. Huang served as the secretary of the Party Central Committee and a confidential communication, and Rao served as the secretary-general of the Central Committee of the Communist Youth League. Huang Mulan met He Chang, whom he had known in Wuhan. He expressed his sympathy for Huang’s unfortunate experience, encouraged Huang to cheer up from his grief, and at the same time advised Huang to “must not have any ‘one-stop’ and establish the old concept of ethics of chastity archway. “. Let Huang quite moved and inspired. The two continued to deepen their understanding and feelings during their contact. With the consent of Zhou Enlai, Huang Mulan accepted He Chang’s courtship and then formed a good relationship.

Huang and He joined together, and everyone expressed their congratulations. Only Jao Shushi was jealous, and sneered at Huang, saying that Huang had climbed up the high branch of the Central Committee members and ignored him as a small person. Huang Yi, a delicate woman, could not bear such ridicule. After thinking about it, she was in a trance for a while. She left the secretly written meeting minutes on the rickshaw. Once dead, he was found by the water patrol and rescued. In shame, he made up stories to answer police questioning. The next day, “Declaration” published a news report on “A young girl was rescued by suicide because of a brokenhearted love”. Zhou Enlai learned of the past and went through, and he seriously criticized and educated Huang, and used Qu Qiubai and Yang Zhihua as models, and asked Huang not to care about the ordinary people who make irresponsible remarks.

In the autumn of 1931, He Chang was ordered to leave Shanghai to carry out armed struggle in the Jiangxi Soviet area. In January of the same year, under the leadership of the Central Special Branch, Huang Mulan participated in the rescue of the arrested comrades as the “Minister of the Rescue Department of the Mutual Aid Association”. So get to know the lawyer Chen Zhigao. Chen Zhigao came from a famous family. His father, Chen Qishou, was a former second-rank official in the Qing Dynasty. Chen Zhigao handled the case. Huang Jinrong also politely called him “Second Young Master” when he met him, which shows the influence of the Chen family’s status in Shanghai. Chen Zhigao sympathized with the revolution, ideologically leftward, fell in love with Huang Mulan at first sight, admired her beauty and elegance. Huang told him as the widow of Wan Xiyan, who had left the CCP organization, and hid the others. Through Chen Zhigao’s appearance, Huang Mulan’s participation in the rescue successfully rescued Guan Xiangying, promptly reported the news of Xiang Zhongfa’s mutiny to the party organization, and successfully published the “Wu Hao Notice”, smashing the Kuomintang’s slander and rumors. A series of cooperation made Chen Zhigao fall in love with Huang Mulan more and more, and formally proposed marriage. Considering the influence of the Chen family’s status in Shanghai and its importance to the rescue work, the party organization tried their best to make this special marriage, telling her: “This will help to cover up her identity, and it will most likely open up a new The situation is absolutely in line with the needs of the work.” As for “Comrade He Chang, we will explain the reason to him in the future. He Chang is a very enlightened person, and he will never blame you.” (“Autobiography of Huang Mulan”) So, Huang Mulan married Chen Zhigao again.

In the relationship between men and women, women’s “beauty” has irresistible temptation and lethality, so it has a natural advantage. For the needs of the revolution, lesbians have made more sacrifices and contributions. In the corner of Qiongya, Huang Zhenshi and Wu Juequn are a like-minded revolutionary couple who have been in love for 7 years. In order to unite the local hero Wang Zhaoling, Huang Zhenshi, the head of the underground party, and the Lingshui county party organization decided to marry the talented Wu Juequn to Wang Zhaoling as a concubine in exchange for the king’s support for the revolutionary struggle. (Kong Jiesheng, “The Tragic Hero in the Deep Forest”)

Guan Lu, a well-known female writer of the Left Alliance, was dispatched by an underground party organization in 1939 to break into the Wang puppet regime, and beside Li Shiqun, the undercover spy chief, to collect intelligence and wait for an opportunity to counteract. Pan Hannian specifically told Guan Lu: “If someone says you are a traitor in the future, you can’t defend yourself. If you defend, it will be bad.” Guan Lu agreed: “I won’t defend.” (Hu Xiufeng’s “My Sister Guan Lu”) Guan Lu Be on your own and use Li Shiqun’s relationship to obtain important information. After the victory of the Anti-Japanese War, Guan Lu was placed on the wanted list by the Nationalist government as a “cultural traitor”, and the party organization promptly transferred her to Huainan safely. Stepping into the liberated area, Guan Lu was very excited. Not only could he take off his disguise, but he could also see his sweetheart who had been missing for eight years day and night.

In the early days of the Anti-Japanese War, Guan Lu met Wang Bingnan at work, and the two fell in love and established a romantic relationship. In the eighth year of the Anti-Japanese War, one was in Shanghai and the other was in Chongqing. Although Guanshan was heavy, they missed each other more deeply by virtue of the biography of fish and geese. Knowing that Guan Lu arrived in Huainan Liberated Area, Wang Bingnan was ecstatic, and immediately decided to fly to Huainan to visit Guan Lu. When he reported his relationship with Guan Lu and his plans to Zhou Enlai, Zhou Enlai discouraged him, thinking that Guan Lu was a good comrade, “but because of her special experience, she left a bad ‘reputation’ in the society. Many People think she is a ‘cultural traitor’…” Zhou said earnestly and said to Wang: “If you two combine, it will probably have a bad influence on society, which is not good for our work…” (Ding Yanzhao, ” Guan Lu Biography”) With the revolution as the overall situation, Wang Bingnan was helpless, reluctantly parted his love, and cut off his relationship with Guan Lu. Guan Lu received the letter of divorce, and his heart was cut like a knife, and his heart was broken. Affected by this, he became seriously ill, and since then his heart was ashes, and he never married.

The aforementioned Qu Qiubai and Yang Zhihua, their marriage and love, were also in the news in Shanghai. In 1923, Qu Qiubai became the provost and head of the Department of Sociology at Shanghai University. Shangda is a school jointly run by the Kuomintang and the Communist Party and mainly controlled by the Communist Party. The students are mostly young men and women who are influenced by the May 4th New Culture Movement and pursue progress. Qu Qiubai returned from the Soviet Union, dressed in suits and shoes, polite, proud but calm, enthusiastic and slightly melancholy, advocating social revolution, and writing splendid articles, which fascinated a group of students, especially girls, Wang Jianhong and Ding Ling were among the best. Qu Qiubai got to know Wang Jianhong and Ding Ling from Shi Cuntong. He appreciated their rebellious spirit of pursuing freedom and their love of literature, so he was introduced to the Department of Literature of Shanghai University as an auditor, and the three were friends as teachers and students. Wang and Ding are best friends. One day, Ding Ling accidentally discovered that Wang Jianhong was passionately in love with Qu Qiubai, so she smashed the window paper in front of Qiubai. Qiubai was overjoyed. In January 1924, Qu Qiubai and Wang Jianhong got married. Unfortunately, Wang Jianhong died of lung disease in July of the same year.

At this moment, Yang Zhihua broke into Qu Qiubai’s life. At the end of 1923, Yang Zhihua entered the Department of Sociology of Shangda University. When he entered the school, the campus was a sensation, and he was shocked. At that time, Yang was married and was the daughter-in-law of Shen Dingyi and her husband Shen Jianlong; Shen Dingyi was one of the first 59 party members during the 1st National Congress of the Communist Party of China. Under his influence, both his son and daughter-in-law became members of the Youth League. However, the young couple was an old-fashioned marriage with no emotional foundation. After marriage, they were discordant. In addition, the mother-in-law and daughter-in-law were not in harmony. Yang Zhihua left the Shen family to study in Shanghai and find another way out. One day in May 1924, Yang Zhihua was temporarily ordered to report the situation of women to Borodin, a Soviet adviser, but she was surprised that the translator was Qu Qiubai. Afterwards, Qu Qiubai introduced her to join the party, and the relationship between the two gradually became closer. Qiubai quickly got out of the pain of losing his wife. In November, Qiubai and Zhihua went to Shen’s house together to discuss divorce matters with Shen Jianlong. The three of them were calm and talked for a whole night. Soon, Shanghai “Republic of China Daily” published a three-person notice: Qu and Yang Qishi said: “Since November 18, 1924, we have officially joined the relationship of love.” Yang and Shen Qiushi said: “From November 18, 1924, we officially broke away from the relationship of love.” Qu and Shen Qishi said: “From November 18, 1924, We have officially joined the relationship of friends.” Such a new story between men and women is unheard of before, and it was rumored in Shanghai for a while.

It’s time for Ding Ling. As a famous left-wing female writer in the history of modern literature, Ding Ling’s emotional thoughts are very complex and rich, very romantic and dramatic. In 24 years, Ding Ling left Shanghai to study in Beijing, and met Wen Qing Hu, who was one year older. Moved by Hu’s deep love and unremitting pursuit of a thousand miles, Yun became a friend and partner, and began a platonic cohabitation life. With the novels “Meng Ke” and “Ms. Sophie’s Diary”, Ding Ling entered the literary world and became famous in one fell swoop. At this time, Feng Xuefeng appeared, completely disturbing Ding Ling’s spring water. Feng and Hu Tong-aged, not very good-looking, not amazing in language, but knowledge, insight, talent, cultivation, and conversation are all extraordinary Captured, addicted, unable to control himself. Ye Frequency was naturally unbearable, and finally threw a fist at Xuefeng. Xuefeng went south from Beijing. Soon Ding and Hu Mi lived by the West Lake, and Xuefeng helped them and visited from time to time. In the confusion, she also frequently accepted advice from her friend Shen Congwen, and Ding Ling also listened to her friend’s persuasion. The two started a Platonic and Freudian cohabitation life, thus ending a love triangle that was rumored by the outside world but unknown. (Li Xiangdong, Wang Zengru “Ding Ling Biography”)

On January 17, 1931, Hu Yepin was unfortunately arrested while attending a secret party meeting at the Shanghai Oriental Hotel. 20 days later, he died heroically together with Rou Shi, Yin Fu, Feng Keng and Li Weisen. It is for the famous “Five Martyrs of the Left Alliance”. After frequent sacrifices, Ding Ling’s old love was revived. She lost her bond and her love became more fiery. However, Xuefeng already had a family and always kept rational restraint. Love was pouring out like a tide, and Ding Ling became disheartened and moved to live with Feng Da, Smedley’s English secretary. In the fall of 1936, Ding Ling and Feng Da broke up, fled Nanjing, and went to Yan’an in northern Shaanxi.

As a well-known figure in Yan’an, Ding Ling was warmly welcomed and respected, but her personal feelings had nowhere to be placed until she fell in love with Chen Ming in the Northwest Field Service Corps. Dante and Chen, regardless of age, experience or status, have a huge difference – Ding Ling is 35 years old, has two de facto marriages and two children; Chen Ming is 22 years old, a hairy guy, and his love is just beginning. Ding, Chen Zhilian, and Chen Ming are under great pressure. Facing Ding Ling’s love offensive, they shy away and choose the young Xi Ping to marry and have children. Ding Ling was deeply affected and was in great pain. Ding Ling’s little sister, Roland, denounced Chen Ming for being ruthless and unfair, and forced him to divorce. Chen Ming felt that Ding Ling had been hurt, and felt deeply guilty, so he made a decision again to live up to Ling and divorce Xi Ping. Ding Ling and Chen Ming eventually became husband and wife. (Li Xiangdong, Wang Zengru “Ding Ling Biography”)

The Chinese communist revolution arose in the context of the May 4th New Culture Movement and the Soviet October Revolution. The May 4th New Culture Movement proposed anti-ethical and individual liberation, the main meaning is to get out of the family and love freedom. The “Communist Manifesto” also contains the idea of ​​eliminating the family. In 1923, the Soviet female revolutionary Kollontai published a widely circulated novel “Three Generations of Love”. In society, satisfying sexual and romantic needs is as simple and common as drinking a glass of water. Revolution was originally a subversion of the traditional order and old morality. Coupled with the May Fourth concept of love freedom and the influence of the Soviet Union’s “a glass of water”, the first generation of revolutionaries held an extraordinary outlook on life and love, so they were in crisis. And the turbulent period of the Great Revolution deduced an extraordinary love life. Not only the urban revolutionaries, but also the remote Chenzhou in southern Hunan. At that time, a group of enthusiastic young people in Chenzhou actively participated in the revolution. “These male and female students went out to the streets or into the countryside during the day to carry out propaganda and mobilization work, but when they came back at night, they sang and made noises, crazy. At night, there was no distinction between men and women, and several people crowded together. They thought they were free now, that men and women were equal, and that men and women could no longer be separated.” (“A Survivor of the Revolution – Memoirs of Zeng Zhi”)

In Yan’an, when the Anti-Japanese War broke out, the Kuomintang and the Communist Party joined hands for the second time. Yan’an was located in the northwest corner, and the Communist Party was in a relatively peaceful and stable development period. As a result, those veteran cadres and Red Army commanders and fighters who have gone through the Long March have time to start thinking about their personal problems that have been delayed due to their love for military affairs, or have a new understanding and pursuit of love, marriage and personal happiness in the new historical environment. At this time, a large number of urban female students poured into Yan’an, which provided conditions for choosing a mate, matching and re-selection. There is a wave of marriage and wife swapping in Yan’an. It’s just that the marriage and love combination of old wives and young husbands like Ding Ling and Chen Ming is rare in Yan’an. What is common and popular in Yan’an is the opposite mode of marriage and love between men and women.

In 1937, the leader found a 22-year-old female cadre Wang Dingguo to talk, hoping that she would live with Comrade Xie Juezai, take good care of his body, and told her that this was a solemn and sacred revolutionary task. Wang Dingguo was born in a poor child. After the Long March, he obeyed the Party without saying a word. He responded quickly and accepted the arrangement of the organization. When Xie Lao saw this girl who was 32 years younger than him, she was cheerful, lively, petite and exquisite. He fell in love at first sight, and the two soon got married.

Yu Ruomu, an 18-year-old female middle school student in Peiping, entered Shaanbei Public School under the inspiration of the Anti-Japanese War. During the nursing period, there was nothing else to do. Chen Yun often chatted with Ruomu, asked her about her background and experience, and introduced her past and situation. Gradually, Ruomu had a feeling of intimacy for the central chief who was 14 years older than him. Once Chen Yun asked her if she had a lover and had she ever been in a relationship? Yu Ruomu shyly replied that she was still young and had never been in a relationship. Chen Yun then asked if she would like to be friends with him? After Ruomu gave a positive answer, the two had further exchanges. Soon Chen Yun and Yu Ruomu became married.

Jiangsu girl Li Liqun, an outstanding student of Xuzhou Provincial Normal University, went to Yan’an with her classmates at the age of 17, and married 35-year-old Gao Gang at the age of 19. Recalling the past in my old age, I still can’t get rid of the kind of pleasant words:

“I went to Yan’an at the age of seventeen, and then entered the party school to study. One day, Gao Gang went to the party school to give a lecture on party building. I was small and always sat in front of the class. He might have taken a fancy to me during the lecture. Chen Yun left me at the Secretariat of the Shaanxi-Gansu-Ningxia Border Region Committee Office. At that time, I was very reluctant. I was willing to go behind the enemy lines. I felt that the people here were too primitive, but the organizational arrangements had to be obeyed. Soon, Gao Gang took me with him. I went to Ansai on a business trip. This time, the business trip lasted about three or four days. After returning from the business trip, Chairman Mao invited us to dinner, and Gao Gang took me there. Chairman Mao invited us to eat bacon, and Chairman Mao said a lot of Gao Gang during the meeting. Let me learn from Gao Gang and say, what if you can find such a person in the future. I was shocked at the time, because at that time I was afraid when I saw Gao Gang, he looked very fierce and big Chief, but I have already noticed what Chairman Mao meant. A few days later, Wang Ming, Wang Ruofei, Xi Zhongxun and others invited me and Gao Gang to dinner again, and also invited some young girls around to eat dates, and said that today is the wedding As soon as I heard this, I ran away and ran all the way to the Yanhe River. But Wang Ruofei came to me and said, have you studied party building? Party members must obey the party, which is also the party’s arrangement. He advised me to go back , but I still didn’t go back to the cave for dinner. That’s it. We didn’t have any feelings, and we didn’t fall in love for a day, and we got married.” (Dai Maolin and Zhao Xiaoguang, “The Biography of Gao Gang”)

Before Li Liqun, Gao Gang had a brief marriage. Therefore, Gao Gang belongs to divorce and remarry. Xiao Jun kept a record of this kind of experience in Yan’an: She is from northern Shaanxi, the director of childcare, has small feet, knows a few hundred words, and her husband is a mid-level cadre. She has been married for 20 years. When her husband was out “fighting guerrillas”, she said to him: “If you want to be in love, get married. I have no objection, I am against fighting guerrillas…” He asked her for a divorce, and she said: “Okay, you need to find some friends. Come, ask them to prove that it’s not me fighting guerrillas…” My friends came, and these friends were all people who lost their old wives and asked for new ones. She said: “I know that you are the same people as him, I don’t care, I just ask you to prove that it is not me who fought guerrillas, but he and I divorced. If there is news in the future, I will find you…” ( Xiao Jun’s “Yan’an Diary”) “fighting guerrillas” was a popular slang term in Yan’an at that time, which was equivalent to the current Internet slogan “about guns”, and a civilized expression is a random combination between the two sexes.

Of course, most of the marriages in Yan’an are “arranged”, but there are also people who get married through understanding and love freely. For example, Luo Lan, who graduated from a female teacher in Xi’an, entered Yan’an in 1938 at the age of 18, and set her own conditions for choosing a mate. Intellectuals with similar experience were only two or three years older. The good-hearted person matched her with Wang Enmao, deputy director of the Political Department of the 359th Brigade. Luo Lan felt that Wang Enmao (7 years old) did not meet the requirements and was not the right person. Therefore, her attitude was not positive. The two were together and did not have much to say. But after two years of intermittent exchanges and conversations, especially reading Wang Enmao’s diary, knowing his past, and gaining a better understanding of his thoughts, morals, work, and studies, Luo Lan felt that Wang Enmao was a trustworthy and A person who admires believes that he will become a good partner and a good husband in the future, and can be entrusted to him for life. The two tied the knot on New Year’s Eve in 1942.

This kind of free love and marriage is rare. That’s all, it’s so precious.


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