Aristotle’s Metaphysics 1

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Aristotle’s metaphysics is a reconciliation of Democritus’ “materialist” atomic theory and Plato’s “idealistic” theory of ideas.

If this world has a source, then its source must be the more microscopic existence that we see that constitutes the current world. Of course, to say that this microscopic atom is the essence of the world already requires abstract logical thinking ability. Whether he is a materialist or an idealist. According to Aristotle’s critique, the atomist view does not account for the purposiveness of the existence of the world – if it does have a purpose. For example, Aristotle believed that the purpose of an oak seed is to grow into an oak, the seed is the potential of the oak, the oak is the realization of the seed, and it is also its meaning and purpose (the final cause).

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