How was the door to the Nobel Prize opened?

In 1949, Hideki Yukawa won the Nobel Prize in Physics. People say that greatness is born, not mediocre. So, when did Hideki’s talent begin to show?

It started when Xiu Shu played building blocks as a child. For that matter, his grandmother was his first teacher. Grandmother didn’t understand “talent education”, she only thought that this grandson was born to be a “scholar”, so she bought ordinary building blocks for Xiushu and told him the basic gameplay. Next, let’s see how Hideki’s brain is spinning.

This is Hideki’s first experience of the joy of being a “creator”. He put together blocks of different colors and shapes, and he built a country house with doors, windows, a chimney, and a big tree behind the house; He built a castle, neatly up and down, symmetrical from left to right, and the guards standing at the door wore tall three-cornered hats; then, the building blocks were pushed down again, and this time they piled up like the Nishi Honganji Temple that his grandmother took him to, with a wide corridor. The eaves are solemn and solemn, and there are two pagodas standing on the left and right in front of the hall. When grandmother saw it, she couldn’t help but put her hands together and said, “Let’s pay homage respectfully!” This made Hideki giggled.

What would it be like to raise a grandmother who won a Nobel Prize in physics? Readers have their own imaginations. Hideki’s grandmother didn’t think too much. She just saw the little guy’s brains, so she bought him a set of cube puzzles – there are 12 cubes of different colors, which can be combined arbitrarily to form different puzzles. screen. Xiu Shu experienced the joy of “re-creating the universe”, and when he moved around, the pictures were often unexpected. Once, he put up a special “painting” that he had never seen before and could not have imagined beforehand. Xiu Shu was very proud, and brought her grandmother to enjoy it together. Grandmother also thought it was incredible. At first glance, the “painting” didn’t look like anything, but it looked like a peerless spectacle. It was very wonderful.

This way of training should be entertaining. William Ostwald, the 1909 Nobel Laureate in Chemistry, whose interest in chemistry originated as a boy with homemade fireworks. According to an old book, he bought saltpeter, sulfur and various metal powders from the market and succeeded in making colorful fireworks. Feynman, winner of the 1965 Nobel Prize in Physics, was born with a radio he played with as a child. It was a radio bought from a thrift market, and it had broken down. He took it apart and repaired it himself – nothing more than the wires were not connected or the coils were not tightly wound, etc. After a little cleaning, the radio was in good condition again. Feynman became interested and asked around if he needed help. At that time, when the radio came out soon, there were very few people who knew how to repair it. Feynman quickly became an expert in radio repair.

Yukawa Hideki chose physics in high school and set his direction on the cutting-edge quantum mechanics. In 1934, he published a paper on the interaction of elementary particles, predicting that bombarding a certain nucleus with beta particles can produce a new particle, which he named “meson” and speculated that its mass is between electrons and protons. .

After winning the “Nobel Prize”, Hideki attributed his inspiration for discovering “Meson” to insomnia. Due to the long-term high-intensity thinking, his nerves were severely weakened. As soon as he lay on the bed every night, his mind was extraordinarily clear, and all kinds of whimsical ideas came uninvited. It is said that one night in October 1934, when I went to bed after turning off the lights, all kinds of thoughts were racing in my mind. Suddenly, Hideki shouted: “It’s it! It’s it!” What did he see? It turned out that there were glittering particles in front of his eyes – like gems in the velvety night. In an instant, he remembered that when he was a child, he was lying under the cherry blossom tree, facing the sky, and seeing the beams of rippling sunlight through the dense branches and leaves.

Those “crystal flickering particles” have been flickering in front of everyone’s eyes for thousands of years. They don’t have names, they don’t know where they came from. People don’t think there is anything strange about it. Only Xiushu is different, because he shoulders the mission of “searching”. After he “searched for him thousands of times in the crowd”, he suddenly looked back and finally woke up: God! That’s it!

This is the difference between ordinary people and scientists. The spark of scientific discovery is often out of this kind of accident after painstaking efforts and long thoughts.

This article is selected from the composition edition of “Junior High School Students”, Issue 7, 2022

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