Visit the Minsk aircraft carrier

Original link: https://synyan.cn/75287

The good news the day before yesterday was that China’s domestically-made 80,000-ton-class Type 003 lead ship and flat-deck electromagnetic catapult aircraft carrier “Fujian” was launched.

Thinking back to my childhood, the Chinese aircraft carrier was such an unattainable dream that I loved the house and “black”. If an aircraft carrier of the former Soviet Union Red Navy appeared in the journal “Ship Knowledge”, I would be very excited to buy that issue. .

Now that China has three aircraft carriers in service, why not let the old army fans rejoice and burst into tears!

As a cutting-edge ship, the “Fujian” ship is naturally unable to take pictures. Fortunately, I had long known that the former Soviet Union’s “Minsk” ([Russian] Минск; [English] Minsk) was parked under the Sutong Bridge in Nantong. I went to Nantong to take a photo of “Minsk” to relieve the itch.

The “Minsk” aircraft carrier is the second ship of the Soviet Navy’s Type 1143 aircraft carrier. It is the second-generation aircraft carrier developed by the Soviet Navy and the first-class aircraft carrier equipped with fixed-wing carrier aircraft. It is also the world’s first-class vertical/short-range aircraft carrier. Aircraft carrier taking off and landing fighter jets.

The “Minsk” aircraft carrier is not only equipped with carrier-based aircraft, but also equipped with ship-based weapons with anti-ship, air defense, all-round anti-submarine, and powerful fire strike capabilities. The main mission is to perform formation anti-submarine, air superiority, and air defense tasks, serve as a formation command ship, implement air reconnaissance and warning, attack enemy aircraft carrier formations and surface ships, and provide anti-ship missile over-the-horizon attacks and relay guidance for other surface ships and submarines. Or target designation, support amphibious operations, implement vertical landing, etc.

The aircraft carrier “Minsk” was named after Minsk, the capital of Belarus. Construction began on December 28, 1972 at the Nikolayev Shipyard, launched on September 30, 1975, and commissioned on September 27, 1978. After the disintegration of the Soviet Union, the ship was inherited by Russia, but was decommissioned on May 30, 1992 due to the insufficient economic strength of Russia after the disintegration of the Soviet Union. At the end of 1995, the “Minsk” was bought by South Korea’s Daewoo Group, sold to CITIC Group in August 1998, and converted into a military theme park, the Shenzhen “Minsk” aircraft carrier world. On August 31, 1998, “Minsk” settled in Shatoujiao, Yantian District.

USS Minsk. (2018-11-30). Wikipedia. https://baike.baidu.com/item/USS Minsk/1438478

The network has collected and sorted out the fate of nine aircraft carriers of the former Soviet Union:

  • Type 1123 “Moscow” class helicopter carrier
    • No. 1 ship “Moscow”, started on December 15, 1962, launched on January 14, 1964, commissioned on December 5, 1967, and decommissioned on November 7, 1996. In May 1997, it was towed to the Indian shipbreaking yard for dismantling.
    • No. 2 ship “Leningrad”, started on January 25, 1965, launched on July 31, 1968, commissioned on June 2, 1969, and decommissioned in June 1991. In September 1995, it was towed to the Greek shipbreaking yard for dismantling.
  • Type 1143 “Kyiv” class aircraft carrier
    • No. 1 ship “Kyiv”, started on July 21, 1970, launched on December 27, 1972, commissioned in February 1977, and decommissioned on June 30, 1993. On March 14, 1999, the delegation of Tianjin Tianma Shipbreaking Engineering Company of China officially signed a purchase contract with the Central Material and Foreign Relations Liaison Bureau of the Russian Defense Ministry. It was transformed into a theme entertainment park, which is today ‘s Jinbinhai Aircraft Carrier Theme Park .
    • No. 2 ship “Minsk”, started on December 28, 1972, launched on September 30, 1975, commissioned on September 27, 1978, and decommissioned on May 30, 1992. At the end of 1995, it was bought by South Korea’s Daewoo Group; in August 1998, it was transferred to CITIC Group and transformed into a military theme park, namely Shenzhen Minsk Aircraft Carrier World ; in January 2013, Qi Shixin, chairman of Dalian Yongjia Group, signed an aircraft carrier agreement with Nantong Sutong Science and Technology Industrial Park. Tourism resort investment agreement, which was purchased by CITIC Group at a cost of 300 million yuan; on February 14, 2016, the Minsk aircraft carrier world was closed, and on April 2, it was towed to Zhoushan Shipyard for repair and maintenance, and then towed to the north bank of Sutong Bridge. to date.
    • The No. 3 ship “Novorossiysk” was started on September 30, 1975, launched on December 24, 1978, commissioned on August 14, 1982, and decommissioned in October 1993. It was sold on August 1, 1995, and was bought by the Korean shipbreaking yard in 1996 and then dismantled.
    • No. 4 ship “Baku”, started in December 1978, launched on April 17, 1982, commissioned on March 3, 1988, renamed “Gorshkov” on October 4, 1990, 1995 Converted to reservists in July. In 1996, Russia decided to sell it; on October 5, 2000, Putin and Indian Prime Minister Singh signed a memorandum on the transformation of the “Gorshkov”. As well as the cost of ship equipment and fleet formation (the most famous injustice story in contemporary military history began); on December 17, 2009, India and Russia reached an agreement with Russia for 2.3 billion US dollars and signed a supplementary agreement, the Indian Navy will transform The latter aircraft carrier was named “Vikramaditya” ; on November 16, 2013, Russia delivered the “Vikramaditya” to India in Severodvinsk for service.
  • Project 1143.5 “Kuznetsov” class aircraft carrier
    • No. 1 ship “Kuznetsov”, started on April 1, 1982, launched on December 4, 1985, and commissioned on January 21, 1991. On December 12, 2019, a fire accident occurred on the aircraft carrier “Kuznetsov” under maintenance. The fire area reached 600 square meters. After that, it entered the dock for maintenance (lack of money).
    • The No. 2 ship “Varyag” started construction in 1983 and was launched on November 25, 1988. By November 1991, the construction rate of the aircraft carrier reached 68%, but it disintegrated before serving in the Soviet Union, and the aircraft carrier became the property of Ukraine , but still within the Russian Navy’s combat composition, to complete the remaining 32% of the construction work, at least 200 million US dollars are needed. In 1995, the “Varyag” officially withdrew from the formation of the Russian Navy and was given to Ukraine on the grounds of repayment of debts. And Ukraine quickly found the object of selling “Varyag” – China. In 1999, Ukraine signed an agreement with Chuanglu Group, a “tourism limited liability company” in Macau, to sell it for US$20 million and transform it into “a large-scale integrated maritime tourism facility”. After four months of towing, the hull arrived at Dalian Port on March 4, 2002. On April 26, 2005, the construction continued by Dalian Shipyard. On September 25, 2012, the ship was officially renamed “Liaoning” and delivered to the Chinese Navy.
  • Type 1143.7 “Ulyanovsk” class
    • Ship No. 1 “Ulyanovsk”, numbered “Order 107”. Construction began in 1988 at the Nikolayev Shipyard in the Black Sea, Ukraine, and was the first super nuclear-powered aircraft carrier of the Soviet Navy at that time. After the disintegration of the Soviet Union, Ukraine inherited the ship, but due to the insufficient economic strength of Ukraine after the disintegration of the Soviet Union, it was completely suspended in November 1991, and then sold as scrap steel.

In fact, it has been more than 20 years since the “Minsk” came to China! Fortunately, we settled in Nantong, otherwise we would have to go to Shenzhen or Tianjin to see the aircraft carrier.

Because it was the first time I went there, I took it for granted that I would navigate to the Nantong Sutong Bridge Expo Hall. I thought that there would be a parking lot and a ticket office like last year ‘s Taizhou Naval Ship Park .

After parking, I took out the plane and wanted to fly to see the situation, but due to the ultra-high distance, I could only take a picture of the future “aircraft carrier tourist resort” from a distance, if it could be built.

“Minsk”

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