A vivid demonstration of the comprehensive development and progress of my country’s human rights cause

A vivid demonstration of the comprehensive development and progress of my country’s human rights cause

China Disabled Persons’ Federation

Comprehensive protection of the rights of specific groups is an important aspect of my country’s human rights cause. On February 25, 2022, when presiding over the 37th collective study of the Political Bureau of the 19th Central Committee, General Secretary Xi Jinping emphasized that it is necessary to give full play to the advantages of group organizations to promote the rights and interests of specific groups such as women, children, the elderly, and the disabled. Assure. Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at the core has attached great importance to the development of the cause of the disabled and the protection of their rights, and has incorporated the cause of the disabled into the national overall plan for economic and social development and the national human rights action plan, and the protection of the rights and interests of the disabled has become more powerful. , the achievements have become more prominent, and become a vivid example of the comprehensive development and progress of my country’s human rights cause.

1. General Secretary Xi Jinping’s important exposition points out the direction for the protection and development of the human rights of persons with disabilities

Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, General Secretary Xi Jinping has been very concerned about the disabled and attached great importance to the development of the cause of the disabled.

General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out that the disabled are equal members of the big social family, an important force for the development of human civilization, and an important force for upholding and developing socialism with Chinese characteristics; Living a happy and beautiful life is an important manifestation of our party’s purpose of serving the people wholeheartedly, and it is an inevitable requirement of our socialist system. This requires that we must always put the protection of the human rights of persons with disabilities in an important position, grasp the correct direction for the protection and development of the human rights of persons with disabilities in the new era, effectively solve the most direct and realistic interests of persons with disabilities, and focus on developing the potential of persons with disabilities , mobilize the initiative and creativity of persons with disabilities, and promote persons with disabilities to become participants, contributors and enjoyers of economic and social development.

General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out that the Chinese dream is a national dream, a national dream, the dream of every Chinese, and the dream of every disabled friend; focus on. General Secretary Xi Jinping requested that party committees and governments at all levels should attach great importance to the cause of the disabled, take the promotion of the cause of the disabled as their shared responsibility, and include the cause of the disabled in all construction undertakings, and continuously improve the protection system for the rights and interests of the disabled. The cause of the disabled is an important part of the cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics, and the protection of the human rights of the disabled is an important part of China’s human rights development and progress. We must fully and accurately understand the profound connotation of the people-centered human rights concept, comprehensively implement policies and systematically promote them, and ensure that the equal rights of persons with disabilities are better realized.

On March 2, 2022, the fire seed collection ceremony for the Beijing 2022 Winter Paralympics was held at the Temple of Heaven in Beijing. The picture shows Tai Lihua, head of the China Disabled People’s Art Troupe and vice-chairman of the China Special Arts Association, igniting a tinder box with the “Fire of Summer Olympics” collected at the Temple of Heaven. Xinhua News Agency reporter Tao Xiyi / photo

General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out that disabled people are fully committed and capable of making significant contributions to human society; able-bodied people can live a wonderful life, and disabled people can also live a wonderful life. When meeting with the commended representatives of the 5th National Self-improvement Model and Advanced Collective and Individual Commendation Conference for Assisting the Disabled, General Secretary Xi Jinping hoped that the majority of disabled people will have self-esteem, self-confidence, self-improvement, and self-reliance, so they can face the challenges of life more bravely, and be stronger for the realization of life. Dream and work hard to realize our common dream; the Chinese sports delegation achieved five consecutive championships in the gold medal list and medal list at the Tokyo Paralympic Games. It reflects the achievements of Chinese-style human rights and national development. General Secretary Xi Jinping and the disabled face-to-face, hand in hand, and sincere communication, warm concern, and enthusiastic encouragement have pointed out the direction of struggle for the majority of disabled people, and inspired more and more disabled people to continue to improve themselves and participate in social life. The dream of a career has become an important force in promoting reform, development and stability and a participant and witness of the comprehensive development and progress of the human rights cause for the disabled in my country.

2. Historic achievements in the protection of human rights of persons with disabilities in my country

Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, under the strong leadership of the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at the core, my country has adhered to the people-centered human rights concept, promoted the protection of the rights and interests of the disabled through development, and continuously improved the system and mechanism for the protection of the rights and interests of the disabled, and the social security system. And the service system has been continuously improved, the majority of people with disabilities have a significantly improved sense of gain, happiness, and security, and China’s disability cause has achieved world-renowned achievements.

The right to subsistence of the disabled has been stably guaranteed. General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out that in order to build a moderately prosperous society in an all-round way, there should be no shortage of disabled people. Doing more for the cause of the disabled is also an important aspect of building a moderately prosperous society in an all-round way. In the process of winning the battle of poverty alleviation, 7.1 million impoverished persons with disabilities in rural areas have been lifted out of poverty as scheduled, and persons with disabilities who are prone to return to poverty and have sudden difficulties have been included in the national dynamic monitoring and assistance mechanism for poverty return. Support measures to ensure that there is no large-scale return to poverty. Establish and improve the social security system for the disabled. During the “13th Five-Year Plan” period, 1.075 million disabled people were assisted and supported by the extremely poor, 10.768 million disabled people were included in the minimum living security coverage, 12.126 million disabled people with difficulties received living allowances, and 14.738 million severely disabled people received living allowances. Nursing allowance. The participation rate of basic old-age insurance for disabled persons in urban and rural areas exceeds 90%, and the participation rate of basic medical insurance reaches 95%.

In order to continuously satisfy the aspirations of the disabled for a better life, all construction undertakings must include the disabled undertakings, guarantee the equal rights of the disabled, and improve the livelihood and well-being of the disabled. In recent years, Mangshan Wuzhifeng Scenic Spot in Yizhang County, Hunan has built gentle trails, barrier-free elevators, escalators, elevators, stair climbers and other facilities to connect trails at different altitudes to create a barrier-free tour loop. The picture shows on May 14, 2021, “wheelchair tourists” enjoy the beauty of Mangshan Wuzhifeng from the wheelchair-specific seats on the viewing platform. Xinhua News Agency reporter star / photo

In the prevention and control of the new crown pneumonia epidemic, General Secretary Xi Jinping was concerned about the disabled and other people in need, and demanded that special groups such as lonely and widowed elderly, children in need, people with special needs, and disabled people who are isolated at home due to epidemic prevention and control should be guaranteed contacts. Strengthen visits and visits, and provide necessary help in a timely manner. All relevant departments have strengthened the prevention and control of the epidemic in the disabled and places where the disabled are concentrated, and provided social support and livelihood guarantee for the disabled affected by the epidemic.

The right to development of persons with disabilities is better realized. General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out that it is necessary to carry forward the spirit of humanitarianism, respect and protect human rights, improve the social security system and care service system for the disabled, and promote the comprehensive development of the cause of the disabled. Service’ goals”, and put forward clear requirements to provide more considerate and warm-hearted social security services for the disabled. General Secretary Xi Jinping personally planned, deployed, and personally promoted the integrated preparation of the Beijing Winter Olympics and the Winter Paralympics.

During the “13th Five-Year Plan” period, 1.808 million disabled persons were newly employed in urban and rural areas, and more and more disabled persons achieved employment and income through proportional employment, centralized employment, flexible employment and self-employment. The rehabilitation of the disabled has been significantly improved, with nearly one million disabled children receiving rehabilitation assistance, and the coverage rate of basic rehabilitation services for the disabled and the adaptation rate of assistive devices have exceeded 80%. The educational level of persons with disabilities has been significantly improved. The compulsory education enrollment rate for children and adolescents with disabilities has reached over 95%, and 58,000 disabled students have been admitted to ordinary colleges and universities. Mass cultural and sports activities have been carried out extensively, and the spiritual and cultural life of the disabled has been enriched. The China Disabled People’s Art Troupe has visited more than 100 countries and regions and is known as the “Messenger of Beauty and Friendship”. The Chinese sports delegation to the Beijing Winter Paralympic Games participated in all events and won 18 gold medals and a total of 61 medals, creating the best results in history and realizing the “two Olympics” are equally exciting. The barrier-free environment in urban and rural areas has been continuously optimized, and 650,000 impoverished and severely disabled families have implemented barrier-free renovations, making it easier for disabled people to travel and exchange information. The “12385” service hotline for disabled persons and a legal aid network system were opened, and the legitimate rights and interests of disabled persons were effectively safeguarded. A total of more than 4,000 service facilities for the disabled at the county level and above have been built nationwide, laying the foundation for the realization of precise services and refined management. Disabled people’s federations at all levels conscientiously perform the functions of “representation, service, and management”, solve problems for the disabled, share the worries of the party and the government, and unite and lead the disabled people to listen to the party’s words, appreciate the party’s gratitude, and follow the party.

The mechanism for protecting the rights and interests of persons with disabilities has been improved. Always adhere to the Party’s leadership over the human rights cause of persons with disabilities, implement General Secretary Xi Jinping’s important statement on the protection of the human rights of persons with disabilities, incorporate the protection of the human rights of persons with disabilities into national planning, human rights development plans and the work responsibilities of party committees and governments at all levels, and continuously improve and improve relevant disability issues. Institutional mechanism for the development of human rights undertakings.

Adhere to the protection of the human rights of persons with disabilities in accordance with the law. In our country, the Constitution of the People’s Republic of my country is the core, the Law of the People’s Republic of China on the Protection of Persons with Disabilities is the backbone, and the Regulations on Disability Prevention and Rehabilitation of Persons with Disabilities, the Regulations on the Education of Persons with Disabilities, and the Regulations on the Employment of Persons with Disabilities Relevant departments and localities have formulated and implemented a series of supporting policies. During the “Thirteenth Five-Year Plan” period, there were more than 400 proposals and proposals related to the National People’s Congress and the National People’s Congress, and the People’s Congress and the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference at all levels carried out more than 3,000 inspections, inspections and investigations on the Law on the Protection of Disabled Persons, and more than 6,000 disabled persons, their relatives and disabled workers Served as a deputy to the people’s congress at all levels and a member of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference. Insist on incorporating the protection of the human rights of persons with disabilities into the national human rights cause and the overall situation of economic and social development. The National Human Rights Action Plan, which has been formulated and implemented continuously since 2009, has clarified the tasks and requirements for the protection of the human rights of persons with disabilities. National special plan for the human rights of persons with disabilities. The State Council’s Working Committee for Persons with Disabilities has strengthened overall planning and coordination, and each member unit performs their own duties and cooperates closely, forming a joint effort to protect the human rights of persons with disabilities. A leadership system and working mechanism for the cause of persons with disabilities under the leadership of the Party committee and the government are generally established in various regions.

International exchanges and cooperation in the field of human rights of persons with disabilities have been deepened. General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out, “With the implementation of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, it has increasingly become a common consensus and common understanding of the international community and countries to protect the equal rights and interests of persons with disabilities and promote their inclusive development. Action”, emphasizing that “China will further develop the cause of the disabled, and promote the comprehensive development and common prosperity of the disabled. China will, as always, promote the common development of the cause of the international disabled, including the Asia-Pacific region.”

my country earnestly fulfills its responsibilities and obligations as a state party to the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, and promotes the inclusion of the development goals for persons with disabilities in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. The Asia-Pacific Decade of Persons with Disabilities, initiated by China and launched in Beijing, has become a model for regional cooperation in the cause of persons with disabilities. A congratulatory letter was sent to the meeting. Zhang Haidi, chairman of the China Disabled Persons’ Federation, was re-elected as the chairman of Rehabilitation International, an international organization with a century-old history that has played an important role in international disability affairs. In-depth participation in international disability affairs governance and contribution to Chinese solutions. The white paper “Equality, Participation, and Sharing: 70 Years of Protection of the Rights and Interests of Persons with Disabilities in New China” was released, and China’s achievements in the protection of the human rights of persons with disabilities have been widely praised by the international community.

3. Promote the protection of the rights and interests of the disabled and the comprehensive development of the cause of the disabled

General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out that to continuously meet the people’s needs for a better life, the rights and interests of the disabled must be well protected, and the cause of the disabled must continue to be promoted. Share worries with the government, unite and lead people with disabilities to continue to create a new situation in their work. Disabled people’s federations at all levels thoroughly implement the spirit of General Secretary Xi Jinping’s important expositions and instructions on the protection of the human rights of persons with disabilities, play a functional role, strengthen their own development, serve the disabled wholeheartedly, guarantee the equal rights of the disabled, improve the livelihood and well-being of the disabled, and improve the disabled. People’s self-development ability, earnestly respect and protect the rights and interests of persons with disabilities, and continuously satisfy the aspirations of the majority of persons with disabilities for a better life.

In recent years, my country’s urban and rural barrier-free environment has been continuously optimized, making daily travel and information exchange more convenient for the disabled. On March 13, 2021, a visually handicapped person in Nanjing, Jiangsu, travels by subway accompanied by a guide dog. Xinhua News Agency issued Zhang Meng / photo

Improve the social security system for the disabled to provide more stable and higher-level livelihood security for the disabled. Consolidate and expand the achievements in poverty alleviation for the disabled, and establish and improve the monitoring and assistance mechanism for the disabled to prevent their return to poverty. Strengthen social assistance and security for the disabled, improve the social welfare system for the disabled, expand the coverage of social insurance for the disabled, actively develop service-based social assistance, and improve the quality of life of the disabled.

Improve the care and service system for the disabled, and enhance the ability of the disabled to develop themselves. Improve the care and service system including rehabilitation, education, foster care, culture and sports, etc. for the disabled, accelerate the development of charitable undertakings, voluntary services and service industries for the disabled, build a high-level, high-level, internationalized rehabilitation university, and promote the disabled Scientific and technological innovation, talent training, informatization and standardization in the field of human services. Strengthen the concern for disabled persons with difficulties, and help them solve the problem of “urgency and hope” in a timely manner.

Help disabled people in urban and rural areas find employment and start businesses, and help disabled people live a better and more dignified life through labor. Carry out the “Three-Year Action to Promote Employment of Persons with Disabilities”. Improve regulations and policies on employment support for the disabled, strengthen employment services for the disabled, improve the professional quality and employment and entrepreneurship ability of the disabled, promote employment and entrepreneurship for the disabled through multiple channels and forms, and carry out the “Beautiful Workshop” employment project for disabled women, so that more disabled people can be employed. Earn income, realize value, and improve living standards through labor.

Guarantee the right of persons with disabilities to participate on an equal footing, and provide barrier-free environments and facilitation conditions for persons with disabilities. Improve the legal and regulatory system for the protection of the rights and interests of the disabled, and raise the awareness of the whole society to safeguard the equal rights of the disabled in accordance with the law. Innovate legal services and rights protection for persons with disabilities, and carry out special campaigns for persons with disabilities to respect the law, study the law, abide by the law, and use it. Severely crack down on illegal and criminal acts that infringe upon the legitimate rights and interests of persons with disabilities. Improve the construction and management of barrier-free facilities, and accelerate the advancement of information barrier-free. Widely carry out civilized practice activities for helping the disabled in the new era to create a civilized atmosphere for self-improvement and assisting the disabled. Focusing on the Belt and Road Initiative, deepen international exchanges and cooperation in the field of human rights of persons with disabilities, and tell the story of the protection of human rights of persons with disabilities in China.

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