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From the first day using Git, everyone can’t escape this configuration:
git config --global user.name Name git config --global user.email Email
Directly set a global user for Git, or remove
--global when there is only one project, and just execute the command to set the user in the project directory.
So here comes the problem. When there are multiple company projects and personal projects in the computer, using the global default configuration may accidentally be nailed to the pillar of shame in the Git history of the company project: Imagine that future generations will see it. After getting to this code, I was really confused. I looked at who wrote it and found out that it was a company email. I may not know you yet. If you use QQ email…
The global user cannot handle the mixed use problem friendlyly on a computer where personal projects and company projects coexist, and it still needs to be set up separately in each project.
how to solve this problem?
includeIf is a feature in the Git configuration system that allows you to automatically include a set of configuration settings when certain conditions are met. This feature is particularly useful for handling different work/project environments on a single machine.
The prerequisite for use is that you need to have a simple plan for the design of the folder. For example:
My way is to create two directories under the user root directory
- GitHub Only personal projects and open source projects are placed in this directory
- workspace This directory stores company projects
gitconfig directory in the root directory to store some configuration files. You can also add version management to facilitate migration.
mkdir ~/gitconfig && cd $_
Go into the directory and create the following files
[user] name = lufei email = [email protected]
[user] name = sy-records email = [email protected]
.idea .vscode .env vendor/ composer.lock test.php node_modules/ .DS_Store
[user] name = sy-records email = [email protected] [core] excludesfile = ~/gitconfig/.gitignore_global [includeIf "gitdir:~/GitHub/"] path = ~/gitconfig/.gitconfig_individual [includeIf "gitdir:~/workspace/"] path = ~/gitconfig/.gitconfig_company
Explain the contents of this file, looking from bottom to top:
- Projects in the
workspacedirectory use company-related configurations in the
- Projects in
GitHubdirectory use individual-related configurations in the
- The global ignore file is placed in the
~/gitconfig/.gitignore_globalfile, so that there is no need to create
.gitignorefor each project;
- Define the default global user.
In this way, you only need to put the project in the right directory, and there will be no confusion. Even if it is not placed in
workspace directories, there will be a default global user to protect it, so there will be no strange user submissions.
It’s not over yet. After the creation is completed, you only need to add the following line to Git’s global configuration file
[include] path = ~/gitconfig/.gitconfig
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