Original link: http://mingxin.life/index.php/archives/275/
Das Kapital is not a work of economics, nor is Marx an economist. —— Wang Defeng
Naturally, the theory of surplus value is not an economic theory either. The subtitle of “Das Kapital” is called Criticism of Political Economy. At that time, economics was called political economy, and now it is called classical economics. Das Kapital instead became “political economy”.
Economics students generally sneer at the theory of surplus value, which is normal. Because the theory of surplus value is not an economic theory, but a subversion of the foundation of economics – the principle of equivalent exchange. Wage labor in the labor market is not an equivalent exchange at all. Because labor creates value, there is no value that equals labor. Just as no gold is equal to a hen that lays golden eggs. Gold can buy hens that lay golden eggs, but only because the seller has to sell. Workers sell their labor simply because they cannot live without selling themselves. Under the premise that the value of labor force = the cost of labor force reproduction, the surplus value is nothing but the wealth created by the laborers minus the part needed to support themselves. This part has existed since ancient times, the difference is only the owner is different. So labor is the source of surplus value.
As the embodiment of labor value, wages fluctuate under the influence of supply and demand, and in extreme cases, the essence of wage labor is exposed nakedly. In the movie “1942”, in the name of recruiting workers during the famine, a woman can be bought with a few pounds of white flour. This is also the so-called “equivalent exchange”, the essence of which is that the exploiting classes possess the means of production, reducing some people to the proletariat and must serve them in order to survive. In prosperous times, this exploitation is mild, even tender, and there is a middle-class dream. Once society enters a period of crisis, the cannibalistic nature is exposed. There is no essential difference between the capitalist pouring milk into the sea and the grain moldy in the granary of the local tyrant. Crisis is a good opportunity for the exploiting classes to embezzle the means of production. The merger of land is most intense during the famine, the merger of the company is most concentrated during the economic crisis, and a large number of real estate is also reverted to the bank during the financial crisis. At the same time, the crisis is also a hotbed of revolution, because the crisis makes the people feel the pain, and the cruel nature of the social system is exposed in the crisis and more people are awakened. And now is an unprecedented crisis, and the Illuminati are already acting.
This article is reprinted from: http://mingxin.life/index.php/archives/275/
This site is for inclusion only, and the copyright belongs to the original author.