Reflections on the Glorious Revolution

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In 1688, the Glorious Revolution broke out in England. Through this revolution, Britain passed the Bill of Rights the following year, and the constitutional monarchy was born, laying the foundation for Britain to become an empire on which the sun never sets.

This revolution, called the Glorious Revolution, was not only a revolution in the end, but not a drop of blood was shed. The king voluntarily ceded power, and from then on the parliament stepped into the stage of power.

The Glorious Revolution can be said to be an epoch-making watershed. Because before this bourgeois revolution, England, like other countries, was a feudal absolute monarchy. After that, Britain went from a feudal monarchy to capitalism under a constitutional monarchy through the Industrial Revolution.

Let’s take a look at China in the same period. There have also been many revolutions in Chinese history, but the final result is the change of feudal dynasties. An emperor is knocked down, and a new emperor is brought up, and so on. Of course, England was in the same situation before the Glorious Revolution.

But the real revolution was the reformation of the system, which was accomplished in England in the 17th century. And China has to wait until more than 200 years after the Glorious Revolution, that is, the 1898 Hundred Days Restoration and the 1912 Revolution of 1912, before the beginning of modern democracy in the true sense.

Even so, the fate of democracy in China is ill-fated. The Hundred Days Reform was suppressed by Cixi, and the fruits of the Xinhai Revolution were stolen by Yuan Shikai. During the period, there was no lack of Zhang Xun’s restoration and warlord melee. It was not until the founding of New China that the democratic system was completely established in China in the true sense.

In times of peace, the alarm bells ring. It is not a good thing in today’s world to believe in “a prince and a general, I would rather have a seed”. Of course, I’m not encouraging everyone to submit to what’s wrong, but I hope that fewer people want to be emperors and more people believe in contracts. Only in this way can long-term peace be achieved.

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